In our last article we were focusing on the classifications of cancer, which is in four categories namely carcinoma, sarcoma, lymphoma and leukaemia. This week we would like to expound more on carcinoma.
Carcinoma is type of cancer that starts in cells that make up the skin or the tissues lining organs, such as the liver or kidney. Like other types of cancer, carcinomas are abnormal cells that divide without control. They are able to spread to the other parts of the body but don’t always.
Although carcinomas can occur in different parts of the body, you may often hear people talk about these common types: basal cell carcinoma, squamous carcinoma, renal cell, ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), invasive ductal carcinoma and adeno carcinoma.
Out of the mention common types of carcinoma, Basal cell is the most common form of all cancers. It occurs in cells lining the deepest part of the skin.
You should get quick treatment for basal cell carcinoma to avoid scars. But only in very rare cases does this type of carcinoma spread to other parts of the body
Basal cell carcinomas often look like, opens sores, red patches, pink growths and shiny bumps or scars. Too much time in the sun can cause basal cell carcinoma.
Squamous cell carcinoma, most people think of skin cancer when they hear of squamous cell carcinoma, and it is true that this type often shows up on the skin. But squamous cell carcinoma can also be found on the other parts of the body, such as cells lining, certain organs, digestive tract and respiratory tract.
When squamous cell carcinoma develops in the skin, you often find it on the areas that are exposed to the sun such as the face, ears, Neck, Lips, backs of the hand. Squamous cell carcinoma that develops on the skins usually caused by spending too much time in the sun over the course of your life.
This type of skin cancer tends to grow and spread more than basal cell cancers .In rare cases it may spread to the lymph nodes.
And then we have the renal cell carcinoma which the most common type of kidney cancer, accounting for nine out of ten kidney cancer cases. Its symptoms include lower back pain, anaemia and fever.